Northern Mariana Islands Overview
The Northern Mariana Islands (NMI) is a U.S. Commonwealth located in the western Pacific Ocean. Here’s an overview of the region:
The Northern Mariana Islands consist of 14 islands spread across an area of about 183.5 square miles (475.26 square kilometers). The largest and most populous island is Saipan, followed by Tinian and Rota. The islands are part of the Mariana Archipelago, situated to the north of Guam.
The NMI is an unincorporated territory of the United States, meaning that it is self-governing but remains under the sovereignty of the U.S. federal government. The islands’ residents are U.S. citizens, and they have limited representation in the U.S. Congress.
The NMI operates under a presidential representative democratic system. It has its own constitution and local government, consisting of an executive branch led by a governor, a legislative branch, and a judiciary.
Culture and History:
The islands have a diverse cultural heritage influenced by indigenous Chamorro and Carolinian cultures, as well as historical ties to Spanish, German, Japanese, and American colonization. The islands were occupied by Japan during World War II and were later under U.S. administration.
The economy of the NMI is largely based on tourism, garment manufacturing, and agriculture. The islands’ natural beauty, including beaches and coral reefs, attracts tourists. The garment industry, once a significant economic driver, has diminished over the years due to changes in trade agreements. Agriculture includes subsistence farming and small-scale commercial production.
The Northern Mariana Islands are known for their historical sites related to World War II, including battlefields, bunkers, and memorials. The clear waters and coral reefs surrounding the islands also make them attractive for snorkeling and scuba diving.
English and Chamorro are the official languages of the NMI. Chamorro, an Austronesian language, is spoken by the indigenous Chamorro people.
The Northern Mariana Islands face challenges such as economic dependence on a limited number of industries, concerns about sustainability and environmental conservation, and the need to balance traditional cultural values with modern development.
Education and Health Care:
The islands have their education system and healthcare services. The public education system is influenced by both American and local culture.
The unique political status of the Northern Mariana Islands gives them a distinct relationship with the United States. While they are U.S. citizens, the islands have a separate immigration system and certain exemptions from federal laws.
Best Place To Visit In Northern Mariana Islands
The Northern Mariana Islands tourism offers a range of beautiful and historically significant places to visit. The Best Places To Travel to without a US Passport Here are some of the best places to visit:
The largest and most developed island, Saipan, offers a mix of natural beauty and historical sites. You can explore World War II relics like the Banzai Cliff and Suicide Cliff, visit the American Memorial Park, relax on stunning beaches like Micro Beach, and enjoy the vibrant Garapan town for shopping and dining. It is the capital of the Northern Mariana Island.
Known for its historical significance in World War II, Tinian features sites like the North Field where the Enola Gay took off to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima. The island also offers beautiful beaches and opportunities for diving and snorkeling.
Rota is known for its tranquility, picturesque landscapes, and traditional Chamorro culture. You can enjoy pristine beaches, hiking trails, and cultural events. The As Matuis Cliff offers breathtaking views.
A short boat ride from Saipan, Managaha Island is a popular destination for snorkeling, swimming, and picnicking.
Located on Saipan, the Grotto is a stunning underwater cave with crystal-clear water. It’s a famous diving site and offers a unique underwater experience for certified divers.
Situated off the coast of Saipan, Bird Island is a protected wildlife sanctuary and a great spot for birdwatching. The island is home to a variety of seabird species.
Lao Lao Bay Golf & Resort:
If you’re a golf enthusiast, you might enjoy playing at this golf resort on Saipan. It offers picturesque views of the ocean and the island’s landscapes.
San Jose Village:
This village on Tinian showcases traditional Chamorro life and culture. You can visit the House of Taga, an ancient site featuring massive limestone pillars.
A serene beach on Saipan, Obyan Beach is a local favorite for swimming and relaxation. Its calm waters and scenic surroundings make it a peaceful retreat.
Suicide Cliff and Banzai Cliff:
These World War II historical sites on Saipan offer stunning views along with somber reminders of the island’s history. They are significant locations to pay respects to those who lost their lives during the war.
Best Dress To Wear In Northern Mariana Islands
The Northern Mariana Islands have a warm tropical climate, so lightweight and comfortable clothing is recommended. Here are some clothing suggestions for you:
Pack lightweight and breathable clothing like cotton shirts, shorts, sundresses, and skirts. These will keep you cool in the tropical heat.
With beautiful beaches and opportunities for swimming and water activities, don’t forget to pack swimwear such as swimsuits and board shorts.
Sun protection is crucial due to the strong sun. Pack wide-brimmed hats, sunglasses, and lightweight long-sleeve shirts or cover-ups to shield your skin from the sun’s rays.
Comfortable sandals, flip-flops, or lightweight walking shoes are suitable for most activities. You’ll likely spend a lot of time outdoors, so having comfortable footwear is important.
The Northern Mariana Islands have a relaxed and casual atmosphere. Opt for comfortable, casual clothing that is appropriate for sightseeing, dining out, and exploring.
Depending on the time of year and location, mosquito-repellent clothing or insect repellent can help ward off insects, especially during the evenings.
Respect Local Culture:
While the dress code is generally casual, it’s respectful to cover up a bit when visiting cultural or religious sites. For example, wearing a sarong or a lightweight scarf can be useful for covering your shoulders or legs.
Tropical climates can experience sudden rain showers. A lightweight rain jacket or umbrella can come in a handbag.
For evenings out or if you’re planning to visit more upscale restaurants, having slightly dressier options like a sundress, a light blouse with pants, or a casual shirt with khakis can be useful.
Best Shoes To Wear In Northern Mariana Islands
When choosing the best shoes for your visit to the Northern Mariana Islands, it’s important to consider the tropical climate and the types of activities you’ll be engaging in. Here are some shoe options that would be suitable for your trip:
Lightweight and comfortable sandals are a great option for most activities in the Northern Mariana Islands. They’re perfect for walking along the beach, exploring the islands, and casual outings.
Flip-flops are popular footwear in tropical destinations due to their convenience and breathability. They’re perfect for the beach, short walks, and casual outings. Just make sure they have a good grip to avoid slipping on wet surfaces.
Lightweight Walking Shoes:
If you plan on doing more extensive walking or hiking, consider packing a pair of lightweight walking shoes. These should provide adequate support and comfort for longer walks or trails.
If you’ll be engaging in water activities like snorkeling, kayaking, or exploring tide pools, consider bringing water shoes. They’ll protect your feet from sharp rocks or coral while providing good traction in wet conditions.
Lightweight and breathable sneakers are a versatile option if you’re planning to do a mix of sightseeing, exploring, and casual dining. Look for sneakers with mesh uppers to allow air circulation.
If you plan to go on light hikes or explore rocky terrain, hiking sandals that offer a combination of support, protection, and breathability can be a good choice.
Slip-on shoes like loafers or espadrilles can be convenient for casual outings and evenings. They’re easy to slip on and off, and they can add a touch of style to your outfit.
Depending on the time of year, you might encounter rain showers. Packing lightweight, waterproof shoes or rain boots could be helpful to keep your feet dry.
Best Recipes To Eat In Northern Mariana Islands
The cuisine of the Northern Mariana Islands is influenced by its indigenous Chamorro culture as well as various Asian and Western culinary traditions due to its history of colonization and migration. Here are a couple of popular dishes that you might want to try while in the Northern Mariana Islands:
Kelaguen is a staple dish in Chamorro cuisine. It typically consists of grilled or cooked meat (often chicken, fish, or beef) that is chopped or shredded and mixed with freshly grated coconut, lemon juice, and hot peppers. The mixture is then served cold or at room temperature. It’s a refreshing and flavorful dish that showcases the use of local ingredients.
Tinaktak is a hearty and comforting dish made with ground meat (usually beef or chicken), coconut milk, and vegetables such as eggplant, green beans, and pumpkin. The ingredients are simmered together, creating a rich and flavorful stew-like dish. It’s often served over rice.
Red rice is a staple side dish in Chamorro cuisine. It’s made by cooking white rice with achiote seeds (annatto seeds), which gives the rice its distinctive red color and a mild nutty flavor. Red rice is often served alongside various main dishes.
Chicken adobo is a dish with Filipino roots that has become popular in the Northern Mariana Islands. It involves marinating chicken pieces in a mixture of vinegar, soy sauce, garlic, bay leaves, and black peppercorns before simmering until the meat is tender and flavorful.
Coconut candy, known locally as “buchi buchi,” is a sweet treat made from freshly grated coconut, sugar, and often a touch of vanilla. The mixture is cooked until it thickens and is then formed into small bite-sized candies. It’s a popular dessert that highlights the use of coconut in local cuisine.
Latiya is a dessert reminiscent of a layered custard cake. It features layers of sponge cake, custard, and a topping of whipped cream. It’s a delightful and indulgent treat often enjoyed during special occasions and celebrations.
Given the islands’ location, fresh seafood is a highlight of the cuisine. Fish and seafood are often grilled, steamed, or used in soups and stews, showcasing the flavors of the ocean.
Best Drinks In Northern Mariana Islands
When it comes to beverages in the Northern Mariana Islands, you can enjoy a variety of refreshing drinks that reflect the local culture and the tropical setting. Here are some popular options:
Tropical Fruit Juices:
Take advantage of the abundance of tropical fruits in the region by trying fresh fruit juices. Pineapple, mango, papaya, and coconut juices are commonly available and offer a delicious taste of the islands.
Known as “you” in Chamorro, coconut water is a natural and hydrating beverage straight from the coconut. It’s a great way to stay refreshed in the tropical heat.
Many local eateries offer fruit shakes or smoothies made from a variety of fresh fruits. These shakes can be a tasty and cooling treat, especially on warm days.
If you’re a coffee enthusiast, you can enjoy iced coffee made from locally grown beans. Some cafes might also offer unique coffee concoctions with tropical twists.
You’ll find a selection of cocktails that incorporate tropical flavors. Northern Mariana Islands Overview Look out for drinks made with local ingredients like coconut rum, fresh fruit garnishes, and creative combinations that capture the island spirit.
Lemonade and Calamansi Juice:
Calamansi is a small citrus fruit commonly used in Filipino and Chamorro cuisine. Calamansi juice is a popular drink that’s both tangy and refreshing, similar to lemonade.
Local Beers and Island-Style Brews:
Some local breweries on the islands produce beers that reflect the tropical environment. These might include light and crisp beers that pair well with the climate.
Watermelon punch is a fruity and cooling drink often served at social gatherings and parties. It’s made by blending fresh watermelon with water or other juices and can be sweetened to taste.
While not a drink in itself, halo-halo is a popular Filipino dessert that’s worth mentioning. It’s a layered concoction of crushed ice, sweetened fruits, jellies, beans, and other toppings, all topped with a scoop of ice cream. It’s a delightful and colorful dessert that’s perfect for cooling off.
Northern Mariana Islands Weather
The Northern Mariana Islands have a tropical climate with warm temperatures and high humidity all through the year. The weather is generally characterized by two seasons: a wet season and a dry season. Here’s an overview of the weather you can look for:
Wet Season (June to November):
The wet season corresponds with the typhoon season in the Northern Mariana Islands. During this period, the islands are more prone to experiencing heavy rainfall, thunderstorms, and, potentially, tropical cyclones (typhoons). Humidity is high, and the weather can be unpredictable. While typhoons are not a constant threat, they can bring strong winds, heavy rain, and rough seas.
Dry Season (December to May):
The dry season is generally more stable in terms of weather conditions. The skies are often clear, and there is less rainfall during this period. Humidity levels might still be high, but you can generally expect better weather for outdoor activities and travel. This is the peak tourist season in the Northern Mariana Islands due to the more favorable weather.
Keep in mind that the climate can vary slightly between the different islands within the Northern Mariana Islands. Saipan, for example, tends to be drier than Tinian and Rota. The temperature range is relatively consistent year-round, with average highs ranging from the mid-80s to low 90s Fahrenheit (29-35°C) and average lows in the mid-70s Fahrenheit (24-26°C).
What is the religion in the Mariana Islands?
The religion in the Northern Mariana Islands is diverse and influenced by the historical interactions of various cultures that have inhabited the islands over the years. The dominant religion is Christianity, with the majority of the population identifying as Catholic. Here are some key points about religion in the Mariana Islands:
Catholicism is the predominant religion in the Northern Mariana Islands. This influence dates back to the Spanish colonization in the 17th century when Spanish missionaries introduced Christianity to the indigenous Chamorro population. Many Chamorros converted to Catholicism during this time, and it remains a significant aspect of the islands’ culture and identity.
Other Christian Denominations:
In addition to Catholicism, there are also various Protestant denominations present in the Northern Mariana Islands, including Methodist, Baptist, and Seventh-day Adventist churches. These Protestant faiths have been introduced through missionary efforts and later migrations.
Despite the strong influence of Christianity, some aspects of indigenous Chamorro beliefs and practices persist among the population. These beliefs often involve a connection to the land, nature, and ancestral spirits.
Migration and Diversity:
The islands have seen waves of migration and colonization, which have contributed to the diversity of religious beliefs. For example, during the Japanese occupation in World War II, Shinto and Buddhist practices were introduced to the islands. These practices, while not as prominent as Christianity, have had an impact on the cultural and religious landscape.
Religious Festivals and Traditions:
Catholic festivals and holidays are an important part of the islands’ cultural calendar. Events like the Feast of the Immaculate Conception and the annual San Juan Festival are celebrated with religious processions, feasting, and other cultural activities.
What is the Marianas known for?
The Marianas, specifically referring to the Northern Mariana Islands Overview, are known for several notable aspects:
The Marianas boast stunning natural beauty, including pristine beaches, crystal-clear waters, coral reefs, and lush landscapes. The islands’ tropical setting makes them a popular destination for tourists seeking relaxation, water activities, and natural exploration.
World War II History:
The Marianas played a significant role in World War II, with the islands being occupied by Japanese forces during the conflict. The Battle of Saipan, in particular, was a major battle in the Pacific Theater. Visitors can explore historical sites, bunkers, memorials, and museums related to this period.
The Chamorro people, the indigenous inhabitants of the islands, have a rich cultural heritage that includes traditions, language, and customs. This heritage is celebrated through festivals, music, dance, and local cuisine.
The cuisine of the Marianas, influenced by the indigenous Chamorro culture and various colonizers, offers a mix of flavors and dishes. Local specialties like think tanks and red rice showcase the unique blend of cultural influences.
Coral Reefs and Marine Life:
The Marianas are home to diverse marine life and vibrant coral reefs. Snorkeling, scuba diving, and other water activities allow visitors to experience the underwater world, including colorful fish, unique coral formations, and even shipwrecks.
The islands enjoy a warm tropical climate year-round, attracting visitors seeking sunny and warm weather.
Tourism and Recreation:
The Marianas are a popular tourist destination, offering a range of activities such as hiking, water sports, golfing, and cultural tours. Northern Mariana Islands Overview Visitors can explore natural wonders, historical sites, and modern amenities.
The Marianas have been influenced by Spanish, German, Japanese, and American colonization, resulting in a cultural fusion that is reflected in language, architecture, and traditions.
Various local festivals and events celebrate the islands’ culture, history, and traditions. These events often feature music, dance, food, and other cultural displays.
Unique Political Status:
The Marianas have a unique political relationship with the United States as an unincorporated territory and the U.S. Commonwealth. This status shapes the islands’ governance and interactions with the federal government.
Who governs the Mariana Islands?
The Northern Mariana Islands (NMI) have a local government that operates under the framework of a presidential representative democratic system. The islands have a unique political status as an unincorporated territory of the United States. Here’s a breakdown of the governance structure:
The Northern Mariana Islands have their own locally elected government, which includes an executive branch led by a governor, a legislative branch, and a judicial branch. The local government is responsible for various aspects of governance, including education, public services, infrastructure, and local policies.
The governor of the Northern Mariana Islands is the chief executive officer and head of government. The governor is responsible for implementing laws, managing government agencies, and representing the islands’ interests to the U.S. federal government.
The legislative branch is known as the Commonwealth Legislature. It consists of two halls: the Senate and the House of Representatives. Members of both chambers are elected by the residents of the Northern Mariana Islands Overview. The Legislature is responsible for enacting laws, approving budgets, and representing the interests of the people.
The judiciary is responsible for interpreting and applying the law in the Northern Mariana Islands. The judiciary includes various courts, with the highest court being the Supreme Court of the Northern Mariana Islands.
While the Northern Mariana Islands have a degree of self-governance, the islands are under the sovereignty of the United States. The U.S. federal government has authority over certain matters, including defense, foreign affairs, immigration, and customs.
The residents of the Northern Mariana Islands are U.S. citizens, and they have certain rights and privileges as such. However, the islands have certain exemptions from federal laws and regulations due to their unique political status.
What is the history of Mariana?
The history of the Mariana Islands is complex and spans thousands of years, involving indigenous cultures, European colonization, and various periods of foreign influence. Here’s a brief overview of the key historical periods in the Mariana Islands:
Indigenous Chamorro Civilization:
The Mariana Islands were inhabited by the indigenous Chamorro people for thousands of years before European contact. The Chamorro culture developed its language, traditions, and social structures. The islands were home to fishing, agriculture, and skilled seafaring communities.
European Exploration and Spanish Colonization:
In the 16th century, European explorers, including Ferdinand Magellan and Miguel López de Legazpi, arrived in the Mariana Islands. The Spanish established a presence and introduced Christianity to the Chamorro population. The islands were named in credit of Queen Mariana of Austria.
German and Japanese Occupation:
In the late 19th century, the Mariana Islands came under German rule as part of German New Guinea. Northern Mariana Islands Overview During World War I, they were occupied by Japan. After World War I, the islands were mandated to Japan by the League of Nations and remained under Japanese control.
World War II and U.S. Administration:
The Mariana Islands were a key battleground during World War II, with the United States capturing them from Japanese forces. The islands, including Saipan, Tinian, and Guam, played a crucial role in the Pacific Theater. administration and were eventually included in the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.
In 1978, the people of the Northern Mariana Islands chose to become a U.S. Commonwealth, gaining a degree of self-governance while maintaining their U.S. citizenship. The Northern Mariana Islands Overview The CNMI government operates under a locally elected executive, legislative, and judicial branch.
Tourism and Development:
The late 20th century and early 21st century saw the growth of tourism as a significant industry in the Northern Mariana Islands. The islands’ natural beauty, World War II historical sites, and tropical climate attracted visitors from around the world.
Efforts have been made to preserve and promote the Chamorro culture and language in the face of modernization and external influences. Cultural events, language revitalization, and historical sites play a role in preserving the islands’ heritage.
What are some interesting realities about the Mariana Islands?
Certainly! The Mariana Islands have a rich history and unique characteristics that make them fascinating. Here are some interesting facts about the Mariana Islands:
Deepest Point on Earth:
The Mariana Trench, located to the east of the islands, is the deepest point in the world’s oceans. The Northern Mariana Islands Overview trench reaches a depth of about 36,070 feet (10,994 meters) at its lowest point, known as the Challenger Deep.
Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument:
The Northern Mariana Islands are part of the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument, a vast protected area that encompasses marine environments and wildlife.
Three Islands in the Pacific Theater:
During World War II, three of the most iconic islands in the Pacific Theater were located in the Mariana Islands: Saipan, Tinian, and Guam. These islands were strategically important for both sides of the conflict due to their proximity to Japan.
Location for Atomic Bombing:
The islands of Tinian and Saipan played a pivotal role in World War II as the takeoff and assembly points for the Enola Gay and Bockscar airplanes, which dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, respectively.
Variety of Languages:
While English and Chamorro are the official languages, the islands have a linguistic diversity due to historical influences. You might hear various languages spoken, including Filipino, Chinese, Japanese, and others.
Mariana Fruit Bat:
The Mariana fruit bat, also known as the flying fox, is a native species found on the islands. These large bats play a role in pollination and seed dispersal in the local ecosystem.
The islands were named after Queen Northern Mariana Islands Overview, the wife of King Philip IV of Spain. Spanish influence is seen in place names, historical sites, and cultural practices.
Unique Political Status:
The Northern Mariana Islands have a political status that distinguishes them from states and other territories. As a U.S. Commonwealth, they have their local government and constitution while maintaining certain ties to the U.S. federal government.
Rich Cultural Heritage:
The islands have a mix of indigenous Chamorro culture and influences from Spanish, German, Japanese, and American colonization. This cultural diversity is reflected in traditions, festivals, and cuisine.
World War II Sites:
The Mariana Islands have numerous World War II historical sites, including battlefields, bunkers, and memorials. These sites offer insights into the islands’ wartime significance and history.
What is mysterious about Mariana Trench?
The Mariana Trench is a place of mystery and intrigue due to its extreme depths and the challenges of exploring its hidden depths. Here are a few aspects that contribute to its mysterious nature:
Despite advances in technology, much of the Mariana Trench remains unexplored. The Challenger Deep, the trench’s deepest point, reaches depths of over 36,000 feet (10,994 meters). Only a handful of manned and unmanned submersibles have successfully descended to these depths, leaving much of the trench’s secrets undiscovered.
The trench’s extreme pressures, darkness, and unique ecosystem have likely led to the evolution of unknown and potentially bizarre species. Some organisms have been found at trench depths that were previously thought to be uninhabitable. As exploration continues, scientists are uncovering new forms of life adapted to the trench’s extreme conditions.
The trench’s geology is still not fully understood. Northern Mariana Islands Overview is a dynamic area where tectonic forces are at play, resulting in the formation of deep-sea trenches, underwater mountains, and seismic activity. Studying these geological processes helps scientists understand the Earth’s crust and its interactions.
Microplastics and Pollution:
Even at the extreme depths of the Mariana Trench, human impacts are becoming evident. Studies have found microplastics, tiny particles of plastic waste, in the trench’s depths, raising questions about the extent of pollution and its effects on deep-sea ecosystems.
The trench’s extreme environment has limited our ability to study it comprehensively. Researchers are still unraveling the mysteries of the trench’s ecosystem, geological processes, and the potential implications of its dynamics on global ocean circulation and climate systems.
Challenges of Exploration:
The technical challenges of exploring the trench are immense. The trench’s immense pressure, cold temperatures, and remote location make sending submersibles and other equipment to these depths a remarkable feat of engineering and technology.
As deep-sea mining and resource extraction gain attention, the Mariana Trench could become a site of interest for its mineral resources. The Northern Mariana Islands Overview The potential environmental impacts of such activities in this sensitive and unique environment are still a subject of debate and concern.
What are the Northern Mariana Islands used for?
The Northern Mariana Islands (NMI) have a variety of uses and play different roles due to their geographic location, natural resources, historical significance, and political status. Here are some of the ways the islands are used:
Tourism is a significant industry in the Northern Mariana Islands. The islands’ natural beauty, including beaches, coral reefs, and historical sites, attracts visitors seeking leisure activities, water sports, and cultural experiences.
Historical and Cultural Preservation:
The island’s historical sites, especially those related to World War II, attract visitors interested in learning about the islands’ role in the Pacific Theater. Efforts to preserve the Chamorro culture and indigenous heritage are also important to the island’s identity.
The islands have strategic importance due to their location in the Pacific. The U.S. Northern Mariana Islands Overview military maintains a presence in the region, including Andersen Air Force Base on Guam and the use of facilities on Tinian.
While not a major industry, agriculture plays a role in the islands’ economy. Subsistence farming and small-scale agriculture contribute to local food production.
Fishing and Aquaculture:
Fishing, both traditional and commercial, is an important activity for the islands. The surrounding ocean provides a source of livelihood and sustenance for many residents.
Trade and Commerce:
The islands engage in trade and commerce, exporting goods such as garments, fish products, and Northern Mariana Islands Overview agricultural goods. The island’s political relationship with the U.S. allows for certain economic benefits and trade arrangements.
Education and Health Services:
The islands provide education and health services to their residents through government facilities, schools, and medical centers.
The Northern Mariana Islands participate in cultural exchange programs and host events that showcase their unique blend of cultural influences.
Natural Resource Management:
The islands have a responsibility to manage their natural resources, including their marine environments and ecosystems. Efforts are made to ensure the sustainable use and protection of these resources.
The islands have their local government and constitution, allowing them to govern themselves in various areas, including education, public services, infrastructure, and local policies.
FAQS (Frequently Asked Questions)
Q: Is the Northern Mariana Islands part of the USA?
Yes, the Northern Mariana Islands (NMI) are a U.S. Commonwealth and are considered an unincorporated territory of the United States. This means that while the Northern Mariana Islands are self-governing and have their local government, they are still under the sovereignty of the U.S. federal government.
Q: Who owns the Mariana Islands?
The Northern Mariana Islands Overview (NMI) are a U.S. Commonwealth and are under the sovereignty of the United States. The islands are an unincorporated territory of the United States, which means they are self-governing but remain subject to the authority of the U.S. federal government. The residents of the Northern Mariana Islands are U.S. citizens.
Q: What language is spoken in Mariana island?
The official languages of the Northern Mariana Islands are English and Chamorro. English is widely spoken and used for government, education, and business purposes. Chamorro is an Austronesian language that is also spoken by many residents, particularly those of Chamorro ethnicity, who are the indigenous people of the islands.
Q: Why is it called Mariana Island?
The name “Mariana Islands” is derived from the historical connection to Queen Mariana of Austria. The islands were named in honor of the Northern Mariana Islands Overview, who was the wife of King Philip IV of Spain during the 17th century. The Spanish explorer and navigator Ferdinand Magellan is often credited with naming the islands during his voyage in the Pacific in the early 16th century.